Posts Tagged ‘canvas’
In earlier centuries, wood panels used to be the more common surface for artists to paint on. By the 17th century, canvas became much more popular, and began to overshadow the used of wood panels. As the use of canvas became more popular, artists would coat the canvas boards with white lead paint in order to diminish the texture of the canvas, and get as smooth a finish as possible. Modern artists embrace the texture of the canvas, and purposely allow it to come through in their paintings, within reason.
The Versatility of Canvas For Paintings
Artists use a variety of canvas forms to paint on, depending on their needs and their budget. There are many advantages to painting on canvas. After being stretched on a frame of some sort, the canvas can be painted along the edges, which will not require any framing. Some artists or purchasers of the art may choose to frame the canvas, but it’s not necessary.
How Canvas Can Be Purchased
Artists don’t have to just buy a canvas that has already been stretched over a specific sized-frame. There are a variety of ways which canvas can be purchased:
Artists have the choice of buying the canvas rolled up, ready to prime and stretch over a frame. The decision to go with rolled canvas versus stretched canvas depends on a few things. Rolled canvas tends to be less expensive than canvas that has already been stretched. In addition, using rolled canvas does not make you dependent on the size restrictions that may come with canvas that has already been pre-stretched. The artists simply buys a roll large enough to meet their needs, and cut the size accordingly. Whether the canvas is then stretched over a 1/2″, 1″ or 2″ thick frame is up to the artist.
Artists that choose to use rolled canvas need to have a little know-how in the process of cutting, measuring, and actually stretching the canvas over a frame. It essential for the canvas to be very tight to minimize the risk of loosening as the artist paints over the surface.
You may choose to buy rolled canvas that is already primed and ready to be painted on once stretched. However, it is much easier to stretch unprimed canvas. This can easily be primed after it has been stretched and fastened to the frame.
Stretched canvas is more convenient and easy, considering that the work has already been done for you. It is more expensive for this reason. Although it is convenient to have canvas already stretched and ready to paint on, you are restricted to the sizes available to you. Although many sizes are available, perhaps an artist will have a specific size and shape in mind that they might not be able to track down.
In comparison to wood frames that canvas is wrapped around and then generally staple-gunned to, canvas boards offer a slight variation in that they are pre-made supports that canvas will then be glued to a board backing. This type of surface is wonderful for students or those who paint a great deal and transport them all over, considering their light weight. The one major downfall to canvas boards is that they are not as sturdy or durable as wood frames, though there are some manufacturers that produces high quality boards.
Where to Buy High Quality Canvas
There are a few suppliers of canvas that you can find locally or even online. Finding products online and having them shipped to your door is really the most convenient way to shop, and will allow you to browse tons of different types and varieties of products. MisterArt.com is one supplier in particular that is committed to helping professional and aspiring artists get the products they need at the prices they can afford.
For those who are interested in stretching their own canvas, you may be interested in purchasing rolls of canvas. One brand in particular is Fredrix, who manufactures Acrylic Primed Cotton Duck Canvas that is made of 100% cotton duck and is universally primed. These rolls come in a variety of sizes ranging from 53″ x 6 yd rolls to 53′ x 100 yd. They range in price from $63 to $707. Visit MisterArt.com for more information on these rolls of canvas.
For the artist that appreciates the convenience of having canvas already stretched out for them over a frame, you may be interested in Creative Edge Pre-Stretched Canvas from Fredrix. This staple-free design allows you to paint on every side, allowing the user to hang the painting with or without a picture frame. A strong vinyl spine keeps the canvas in place instead of unsightly staples. there are a variety of sizes and dimensions to choose from, and range in price from $15 to $208. Visit MisterArt.com for more information on stretched canvas.
Types of Canvas Materials Used
Over the centuries, artists used a variety of textiles to create the canvas that artists would paint upon. There are a few different materials that are used to weave the canvas. Types of canvases include linen, cotton, synthetic and burlap. The highest quality canvas is that made of linen, due to its durability and its resistance to expansion and contraction from moisture. Burlap is the cheapest form of canvas materials. It can get quite brittle, and will weaken quite easily, therefore not lasting for very long. Its weave is very course, and the texture is quite noticeable, which many artists may not appreciate.
The kind of canvas you purchase really depends on the type of artist you are and your budget. If you are not very particular about the exact dimensions of your art work and have the money to spend, then perhaps stretched canvas is the way to go, especially if you can’t be bothered to stretch it yourself. On the other hand, if your budget is tight, and you are quite picky about the dimensions of your canvas surface, than buying rolls of canvas might be the right choice for you. Visit MisterArt.com for a wide selection of canvas that will be suitable for your needs.
The Mona Lisa was painted by Leonardo Da Vinci, and is probably the most famous piece of painted artwork of all time. The subject of this portrait is a woman by the name of Lisa Gherardini, who’s husband, Fernando Del Giocondo, requested the painting of her. Lisa came from a well-known family in Tuscany, and her husband was a wealthy citizen who wanted a memento created to celebrate their new home and the birth of their son. This art was created in the early 1500′s, and although was painted in Italy, it is now on display at the Louvre museum in Paris, France.
The History and Background of This Mysterious Painting
For centuries, this painting has stirred up a great deal of controversy, and has been the focus of in-depth studies. The facial expression of the subject has been debated by many scholars due to its ambiguity and perplexity. After centuries of debate and studies on this mysterious subject, it was not until the year 2005 that the identity of the subject of this famous painting was entirely understood.
The Artist Himself – Leonardo Da Vinci
Aside from the mystery surrounding the painting’s subject, this artwork is also extremely famous because of its creator – Leonardo Da Vinci. Leonardo is one of the most famous artists who has ever lived, if not the most famous. He was an incredibly intelligent and talented man, not only as an artist, but also as a scientist, doctor and inventor.
Leonardo Da Vinci’s painting and sketching techniques have created mystery around not only the Mona Lisa, but another of his hugely famous paintings – The Last Supper. This painting has also been the subject of immense study, mystery and speculation.
Da Vinci was able to paint and draw the human form due to his study of human cadavers. After years of studying the human form, he mastered the ability to put it on canvas. Aside from painting, Da Vinci was also a skilled sketch artist, and had an uncanny ability to draw. Aside from the now infamous Mona Lisa, another immensely popular artwork of Da Vinci’s is the Vitruvian Man, which is known all over the world, particularly in the sciences, due the anatomical and biological aspects of the sketch.
Da Vinci liked to paint on a variety of surfaces, not just canvas. He began painting predominantly biblical paintings, but increasingly painted portraits that were commissioned to him due to his growing popularity and prominence.
Da Vinci’s Painting Techniques
Da Vinci used oils to depict the image of Lisa Gherardini. One of the most unique aspects of the Mona Lisa is the fact that this painting was done on a cottonwood panel. This is highly unusual for a commissioned painting to be created on a surface such as this, rather than on the typical canvas medium. The use of the cottonwood panel is part of the reason why this painting has been so famous and studied. Because of the use of the cottonwood, the painting has been able to maintain a great deal of its luster without having to be restored, which is absolutely amazing.
The Mona Lisa was created during the Renaissance, which was a period when biblical images were painted, and anatomically correct aspects of humans were depicted. In fact, it is the attention to human detail that distinguishes art from this time period. The fantastic use of shadowing at Lisa’s eyes and lips creates a bit of mystery and amusement, as well as the incredible detail in the facial expression and hands. This painting really is one of the absolute greats during this period of art.
The background of the Mona Lisa depicts a lovely landscape and aerial views. As beautiful as this background is, the depiction of the subject tends to mute it, due to the amazing vibrancy of the subject’s hands and face. The fact that Da Vinci was able to complete this painting with no trace of brush marks makes this artwork a true masterpiece.
Theft and Vandalism of the Mona Lisa
Back in 1911, the Mona Lisa was stolen from the Lovre museum, and stayed missing for 2 years. It was originally believed that Pablo Picasso was the thief, and was even jailed for the crime. However, he was later released. In 1913, an Italian patriot by the name of Vincenzo Perugia tried to sell the painting to an art gallery in Florence, and was then arrested for the theft of the Mona Lisa. Perugia was an employee at the Louvre, and believed that this painting belonged in Italy. As such, he removed the painting from the museum and hid it in his apartment for 2 years before it was discovered that he was in possession of the infamous painting.
In addition to the theft back in the early 1900′s, attempts at vandalizing this piece of art have also occurred. The bottom portion of the painting was damaged by a vandal throwing acid at it back in 1956. Another attempt to ruin the painting occurred later that same year, after some of the paint near the subject’s elbow chipped off due to a rock being thrown at it. Because of the threat of further vandalism, the painting is now on display behind bullet-proof glass.
Owning a Piece of History
Although the original Mona Lisa is behind bullet proof glass, lovers of art all around the world can still own a print of this masterpiece. Art.com is an online gallery that sells prints of the infamous painting. Depending on what your particular tastes are, you can choose from variations of this painitng, from an exact duplicate, to a close-up of specific parts of the painting.
This Mona Lisa print is available in 20 different sizes at Art.com, and ranges in prices from $43.99 to $337.99.
This print of Mona Lisa’s hands is available in 10 different sizes at Art.com, ranging in price from $49.99 to $249.99.
The Mona Lisa is truly a masterpiece. The artist, the subject, the mystery, the techniques and the materials used for this painting have made it what it is. It represents a time period of amazing art, and incredible attention to human detail. This painting truly changed the style and technique of painting, which is why it is considered the great masterpiece.